Edenhofer: "A good idea is not a guaranteed success"
In the German newspaper "F.A.Z.", the MCC Director advocates an ambitious minimum price for CO2 as an instrument for efficient emissions reduction and easier international cooperation.
Compared to certain quantity targets for maximum CO2 emissions—like in the EU ETS—a minimum price would be easier to coordinate on an international level. But the instrument’s main advantage is that it is more effective than a quantity cap in delivering higher carbon prices, say the authors.
Higher CO2 prices are needed globally to steer investments into low-carbon assets and push dirty coal-generated energy out of the market. On the other hand, in a mere cap-and-trade system, market participants often expect that policymakers will release the cap in the future in the event of a drastic price increase. Due to these expectations, prices remain low.