Dr. Michael Jakob


Dr. Michael Jakob

Dr. Michael Jakob is a Fellow with the Task Force Public Economics. His research interests include:

  • Climate policy, especially in developing countries
  • Economic growth and welfare
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • Political Economy of Climate Policy
  • Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform

Before joining MCC, Dr. Michael Jakob spent more than five years as a PhD student and postdoc researcher at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. He holds a PhD in economics from the Technical University of Berlin and has obtained degrees in physics, economics, and international relations from universitites in Munich, St. Gallen, and Geneva.

Michael Jakob is currently engaged in a project on carbon pricing and investments in infrastructure (data).

Further research includes fossil fuel subsidy reform (data).


Curriculum vitae

Detailed CV.



Ongoing work

Dorband, I., Jakob, M. Kalkuhl, M., Steckel, J.C.: Are poor households stronger impacted by carbon pricing? A global comparative analysis of distributional effects

Dorband, I., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.: Double progressivity of infrastructure development through carbon pricing - Insights from Nigeria

Edenhofer, O., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Bertram, C.: Reports of coal’s terminal decline may be exaggerated

Franks, M., Lessmann, K. Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O.:Carbon Pricing Could Mobilize Domestic Resources for the Agenda 2030

Jakob, M.: Possibilities and Constraints of Using Carbon Pricing to Promote Sustainable Development in Peru [Manuscript]

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O., Kornek, U., Lenzi, D.: Global Commons and Global Justice

Kalkuhl, M., Fernandez Milan, B., Schwerhoff, G., Jakob, M., Hahnen, M., Creutzig, F.: Can land taxes foster sustainable development? An assessment of fiscal, distributional and implementation issues

Knopf, B., K. Burghaus, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, N. Koch, O. Edenhofer: Short Study on Shifting Paradigms in Carbon Pricing

Kriegler, E., Bertram, C., Kuramochi, C., Jakob, M., Pehl, M., Stevanović, M., Fekete, H., Hilaire, J., Höhne, N., Luderer, G., Luna, L., Minx, J., Popp, A., Steckel, J.C., Sterl, S., Yalew, A.W., Dietrich, J.-P., Edenhofer, O.: Strengthening climate policy plans until 2030 to keep 1.5°C within reach

Steckel, J.C., Hilaire, J., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O.: Lions in the dragon’s shoes? On carbonization patterns in Sub-Sahara Africa

Steckel, J.C.,  Jakob, M.: The Role of Financing Cost and De-risking Strategies for Clean Energy

Wenz, L. Weddige, U., Jakob, M. Steckel, J.C.: Global Road Access


Peer-reviewed articles in journals

Jakob, M., Kübler, D., Steckel, J.C., van Veldhuizen, R.: Clean up your own mess: An experimental study of moral responsibility and efficiency. Journal of Public Economics 155: 138-146 [manuscript version here]

Jakob, M. (2017): Ecuador's climate targets: A credible entry point to a low-carbon economy? Energy for Sustainable Development 39:91-100 [manuscript version here]

Steckel, J., Rao, N.D., Jakob, M. (2017): Infrastructure access: trends and drivers. Utilities Policy 45: 109-117

Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Flachsland, C., Kornek, U., Lessmann, K., Edenhofer, E. (2017): From climate finance towards sustainable development finance. WIREs Climate Change

Nemet, G.J., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C., Edenhofer, E. (2017): Addressing policy credibility problems for low-carbon investment. Global Environmental Change 42: 47-57

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2016): Implications of climate change mitigation for sustainable development. Environmental Research Letters 11(10) [Open Access]

Fuss, S., Chen, C., Jakob, M., Marxen, A., Rao, N., Edenhofer, E. (2016): Could resource rents finance universal access to infrastructure? A first exploration of needs and rents. Environment and Development Economics

Jakob, M., Chen, C., Fuss, S., Marxen, A., Rao, N., Edenhofer, E. (2016): Using carbon pricing revenues to finance infrastructure access. World Development 84: 254-65. [Manuscript Version here]

Steckel, J., Edenhofer, O., Jakob, M. (2015): Drivers for the renaissance of coal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 112(29)

Jakob, M., Chen, C., Marxen, A., Fuss, S. (2015): Development incentives for fossil fuel subsidy reform. Nature Climate Change 5: 709-712. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., Hilaire, J. (2015): Using Importers’ Windfall Savings from Oil Subsidy Reform to Enhance International Cooperation on Climate Policies. Climatic Change 131(4): 465-472. [Manuscript Version here]

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob, F. Creutzig, C. Flachsland, S. Fuss, M. Kowarsch, K. Lessmann, L. Mattauch, J. Siegmeier, JC Steckel (2015): Closing the Emissions Price Gap. Global Environmental Change 31: 132-143. [Manuscript Version here]. Reprinted in Kaul, I. (ed.) (2016): Global Public Goods. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Zimmer, A., M. Jakob, J. Steckel  (2015): What motivates Vietnam to strive for a low-carbon economy? - An explorative case study on the drivers of climate policy in a developing country. Energy for Sustainable Development, 24, pp. 19-32. Was awarded the Reddy Prize - Best Paper of 2014.

Jakob, M., J. Steckel, C. Flachsland, L. Baumstark (2015): Climate Finance: Curse or Blessing? Climate and Development 7(1):1-15. [Manuscript Version here]. This study's data are the basis for the MCC Subsidy Map.

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Green Growth, Degrowth, and the Commons. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 30 (3): : 447-468. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., Lessmann, K., Wildgrube, T. (2014): The Role of Emissions Trading and Permit Allocation in International Climate Agreements with Asymmetric Countries. Strategic Behaviour and Environment, 4(4): 361-392. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., Steckel, J., Klasen, S., Lay, J., Grunewald, N., Martínez-Zarzoso, I., Renner, S., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Feasible Mitigation Actions in Developing Countries. Nature Climate Change. 4: 961-968. Manuscript Version. [Manuscript Version here]

Creutzig, F., Goldschmidt, J.C., Lehmann, P., Schmid, E., von Blücher, F., Breyer, C., Fernandez, B., Jakob, M., Knopf, B., Lohrey, S., Susca, T., Wiegandt, K. (2014): Catching  two European birds with one renewable stone: Mitigating climate change and Eurozone crisis by an energy transition. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 38: 1015-1028.

Jakob, M., S. Brunner (2014): Optimal Commitment under Uncertainty: Adjustment Rules for Climate Policy. Strategic Behavior and Environment. 4 (3): 291-310. [Manuscript Version here]

Grunewald, N., M. Jakob, I. Mouratiadou (2014): Decomposing Inequality in CO2 Emissions: the Role of Primary Energy Carriers and Economic Sectors. Ecological Economics 100: 183-194. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., J. Steckel, O. Edenhofer (2014): Consumption- vs. Production-Based Emission Policies: Annual Review of Resource and Environmental Economics 6. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., J. Steckel (2014): How climate change mitigation could harm development in poor countries. WIREs Climate Change 5(2): 161-168. [Manuscript Version here]

Staub-Kaminski, I., A. Zimmer, M. Jakob, R. Marschinski (2014): Climate Policy in Practice: A Typology of Obstacles and Implications for Integrated Assessment Modeling. Climate Change Economics 5(1). [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., R. Marschinski, M. Hübler (2013): Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A Trade-Theory Analysis of Leakage under Production- and Consumption-Based Policies. Environmental and Resource Economics 56 (1): 47-72. [Manuscript Version here]

Steckel, J., R.J. Brecha, J. Strefler, M. Jakob, G. Luderer (2013): Development without energy? On the challenge of sustainable development in the context of climate change mitigation. Ecological Economics 90: 53–67. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., R. Marschinski (2013): Interpreting trade-related CO2 emission transfers. Nature Climate Change 3(1): 19-23. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., K. Lessmann (2012): Signaling in International Environmental Agreements: The Case of Early and Delayed Action. International Environmental Agreements: Policy, Law, and Economics 12(4): 309-325. [Manuscript Version here]

Marschinski, R., C. Flachsland, M. Jakob (2012): Sectoral Linking of Carbon Markets: A Trade-Theory Analysis. Resource and Energy Economics 34 (4): 585-606. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., M. Haller, R. Marschinski (2012): Will History Repeat Itself? Economic Convergence and Convergence in Energy Use Patterns. Energy Economics 34: 95-104. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., G. Luderer, J. Steckel, M. Tavoni, S. Monjon (2012): Time to act now? Assessing the costs of delaying climate measures and benefits of early action. Climatic Change 114 (1): 79-99. [Manuscript Version here]

Luderer, G., V. Bosetti, M. Jakob, M. Leimbach, J. Steckel, H. Waisman, O. Edenhofer (2012): The economics of decarbonizing the energy system—results and insights from the RECIPE model intercomparison. Climatic Change 114 (1): 9-37. [Manuscript Version here]

Steckel, J., M. Jakob, G. Luderer, R. Marschinski (2011): From Carbonization to Decarbonization? - Past Trends and Future Scenarios for China's CO2 Emissions. Energy Policy 39 (6): 3443-3455. [Manuscript Version here]



Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2017): Klimapolitik. Ziele, Konflikte, Lösungen. C.H. Beck Reihe Wissen.


Book chapters

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, J. Hilaire, M. Jakob (2016): Den Klimawandel stoppen. In: Patenge, M., Beck, R., Luber, M. (Hg.): Schöpfung bewahren. Theologie und Kirche als Impulsgeber für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg. Freely available online here.

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Multiple Objectives for Governance of the global commons. In: Rogall, H., Binswanger, H.-C., Ekardt, F., Grothe, A., Hasenclever, W.-D., Hauchler, I., Jänicke, M., Kollmann, K., Michaelis, N.V., Nutzinger, H.G., Scherhorn, G.: Jahrbuch Nachhaltige Ökonomie 2014/15, Metropolis-Verlag.

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, K. Lessmann (2014): The Atmosphere as a Global Commons – Challenges for International Cooperation and Governance. Forthcoming in: Semmler, W., L. Bernard: The Handbook on the Macroeconomics of Climate Change. Oxford University Press. Also published as Harvard Project on Climate Agreements Discussion Paper 13-58.

Hansen, G., M. Jakob, S. Kadner (2012): Sustainable Development as a Cornerstone of a Future Energy System. In: Edenhofer, O., J. Wallacher, H. Lotze-Campen, M. Reder, B. Knopf, J. Müller (Eds.): Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer.



Lead author for Ch. 4 of the International Panel on Social Progress (IPSP)

Contributing author to chapter 9: Renewable Energy in the Context of Sustainable Development, Renewable Energy in the Context of Sustainable Development (SRREN) of the IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation.

Contributing author to chapter 4 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC

Contributing author to chapter 5 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC

Contributing author to chapter 13 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC


Policy papers

Schwerhoff, G., Dao Nguyen, T., Edenhofer, O., Grimalda, G., Jakob, M., Klenert, D., Siegmeier, J. (2017): Policy options for a socially balanced climate policy. Policy Brief for the German G20 Presidency.

Kalkuhl, M., Fernandez, B., Schwerhoff, G., Jakob, M., Hahnen, M., Creutzig, M., Bouma, J., van der Esch, J. (2017): Land Taxes as Fiscal Instruments to Promote Sustainable Development. Background Paper for PBL Holland (Policy Brief Version available online here).

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J,.C. (2016). The Just Energy Transition. Background Paper for the WWF.

Knopf, B., Koch, N., Grosjean, G. Fuss, S., Flachsland, C., Pahle, M., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): The European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS): ex-post analysis, the market stability reserve and options for a comprehensive reform, FEEM Nota di Lavoro, 79.2014. Also published as Euro CASE Policy Position Paper.

Edenhofer, O., C. Carraro, J.-C. Hourcade, K. Neuhoff, G. Luderer, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, A. Popp, J. Steckel, J. Strohschein, N. Bauer, S. Brunner, M. Leimbach, H. Lotze-Campen, V. Bosetti, E. de Cian, M. Tavoni, O. Sassi, H. Waisman, R. Crassous-Doerfler, S. Monjon, S. Dröge, H. van Essen, P. del Río, A. Türk (2009): RECIPE - The Economics of Decarbonization. Synthesis Report.

Edenhofer, O., N. Stern, N. Bauer, S. Brunner, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob (2009): Towards a global Green Recovery. Recommendations for Immediate G20 Action. Report submitted to the G20 London Summit - April 2, 2009. Prepared on behalf of the German Foreign Office.

Flachsland, C., O. Edenhofer, M. Jakob, J. Steckel (2008): Developing the International Carbon Market. Linking Options for the EU ETS. Report to the Policy Planning Staff in the Federal Foreign Office.


Opinion pieces, newspaper articles, etc.

Jakob, M. and O. Edenhofer:Trinkwasser für alle statt schmutzige Energie. Zeit Online, 15.09.17 (German only)

Jakob, M. (2017): Una propuesta sobre el precio al carbono en Perú. SPDA Actualidad Ambiental 15.08.2017

Jakob M. und Steckel, J. (2017): Klimaschutz fehlt. Frankfurter Rundschau, 15.06.17 (German only)

Jakob M. (2016): Gute Aussichten fürs Klima ? Perus Klimapolitik nach der COP 22. Infoperu Newsletter 47

Jakob, M. and O. Edenhofer (2015): Welfare with or without Growth? GAIA 24(4): 240-242

Edenhofer, O., J.C. Steckel, M. Jakob (2015):Climate Finance in the Context of Sustainable Development. France Stratégie

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, J. Hilaire, M. Jakob (2015): Ist unbegrenztes Wachstum in einer begrenzten Welt möglich? Le Monde Diplomatique Atlas der Globalisierung (German only, also available online on taz.de)

Jakob, M., Hilaire, J. (2015): Unburnable Fossil Fuel Reserves. Nature 517: 150–152. 

Edenhofer, O., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2014): Does Environmental Sustainability Contradict Prosperity? Global Policy 5(S1): 15-20

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob, J. Steckel (2013): Wohlstand und ökologische Nachhaltigkeit – ein Widerspruch? ifo Schnelldienst 15: 22-25.

Jakob, M.: Carbon export taxes could prevent "trade wars" between China, EU and US. China Dialogue online. Chinese Version.

Jakob, M. (2012): The fair cost of renewable energy. Nature Climate Change 2: 488–489.

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2012): Why the promise of "green growth" would be illusory without a climate protection agreement to go with it. KfW Meinungsforum Entwicklungspolitik 6, June 6, 2012. German Version.

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2012): Die Illusion des grünen Wachstums. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, March 2, 2012.

Marschinski, R., M. Jakob (2011): Reconsidering Copenhagen. Nature Climate Change 1 (6): 297–298.


Other publications

Jakob, M. (2011): Reframing International Climate Policy: Essays on Development Issues and Fragmented Regimes. Doctoral dissertation.

Jakob, M., V. Bosetti, H. Waisman, E. De Cian, J. Steckel, M. Leimbach, L. Baumstark (2009): The RECIPE reference scenarios. RECIPE Backgound Paper.

Jakob, M., H. Waisman, V. Bosetti, E. De Cian, M. Leimbach, L. Baumstark, G. Luderer (2009): Description of the RECIPE models. RECIPE Backgound Paper.



Nature, Nature Climate Change, Sciences Advances, PNAS, Environment Research Letters, Global Environmental Change, Environmental and Resource Economics, International Environmental Agreements, Environment and Development Economics, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, WIREs Climate Change, Climate and Development, Climate Policy, Energy Policy, Energy for Sustainable Develpment, Journal of Cleaner Production, Strategic Behavior and Environment, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Review of Environmental Economics and Politics, Games, International Tax and Public Finance, International Review of Economics and Finance, Economic Systems Research, GAIA, MIT Press



Winter Semester 2014/15: Climate and Development with Jan Steckel and Gregor Schwerhoff.

Summer Semester 2013:"Climate Change Economics: Green Growth and New Models of Prosperity - Fairy Tale or Strategy?" at the Technical University of Berlin.

Winter Semester 2010/2011: Seminar on "Low-Carbon Development", co-taught by Jan Steckel at the Technical University of Berlin.



WCERE 2010 (Montreal); EAERE 2011, 2012, 2015, 2017 (Rome, Prague, Helsinki, Athens); SURED 2010 (Ascona); 5th Atlantic Workshop on Energy and Environmental Economics 2012 (A Toxa); NCCR Climate Economics and Law Conference 2009 and 2011 (Berne), MCC Public Finance Conference 2014 (Berlin), Anthropocene Campus 2014 (Berlin), Our Common Future under Climate Change 2015 (Paris)


Country experience

Uruguay (desk research), Vietnam, Indonesia, South Africa, Peru, Ecuador


Media appearances

September 15, 2017: Klimaretter.info discusses the MCC Subsidy Map (German only).

July 2017: Reviews of the book "Klimapolitik - Ziele, Konflikte Lösungen" in Süddeutsche Zeitung, taz and Tagesspiegel (in German only)

February 26, 2017: The results of the study "Clean up your own mess: An experimental study of moral responsibility and efficiency" were discussed in the Frankfurter Allgemeinen Sonntagszeitung (available online at faz.net)

February 5, 2015: Interview with Klimaretter ("Die ökonomisch optimale Klima-Lösung", in German only)

January 28, 2015: Interview with Frankfurther Rundschau (“Bei Verhandlungen nicht nur auf die Staaten schauen“, in German only)

March 12, 2013: Interview with Natur ("Ohne Welthandel noch mehr Emissionen", in German only).

November 20, 2012: Interview with dradio.de ("Kooperation statt Konfrontation", in German only).

July 2015: NCC fossil subsidy paper covered by Nature trendwatch, mashable and the fifth estate

July 2015: PNAS coal renaissance paper covered in Frankfurter Allgemeine (July 7, p. 18), Spiegel (No 28, p.62), Focus, New Scientist, Vox, ABC, Pacific Standard, Phys.org, International Business Times, Energy Asia, Le Scienze, Natur

February/April 2015: Results from the Oxford Review of Economic Policy Paper „Green Growth, Degrowth, and the Commons“ were quoted in Der Spiegel (9/15, “Sind wir noch zu retten”) and Wirtschaftswoche (“Was rettet das Klima – Wachsen oder Schrumpfen?“). I also contributed a short statement to SZ Magazin’s ”+3“ (No. 17, April 2015) on this issue.

January 2015: The Nature comment “Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves” was featured by the Guardian, Le Monde, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Die Zeit, Die Welt, Focus, Fivethirtyeight, La Croix, and Yesil Gazete

October 2014: The Nature Climate Change article “Feasible mitigation options in developing countries” has been featured by Süddeutsche Zeitung and Tagesspiegel

September 2012: Spiegel Online, Zeit.de and the Tagesspiegel reported on the article "Interpreting CO2 emission transfers" in Nature Climate Change, which has also been picked up by the Greenpeace Magazin (2/15, p.57)



Latest Publications

Jakob, M.; Kübler, D.; Steckel, J.C.; van Veldhuizen, R., 2017

Clean up your own mess: An experimental study of moral responsibility and efficiency

Journal of Public Economics, 155, 138–146
Peer Review
Schwerhoff, G.; Dao Nguyen, T.; Edenhofer, O.; Grimalda, G.; Jakob, M.; Klenert, D.; Siegmeier, J., 2017

Policy options for a socially balanced climate policy.

Peer Review
Jakob, M., 2017

Ecuador's climate targets: A credible entry point to a low-carbon economy?

Energy for Sustainable Development
Peer Review
Edenhofer, O.; Jakob, M., 2017

Klimapolitik: Ziele, Konflikte und Lösungen

C.H. Beck Verlag, 128 p.
Steckel, Jan Christoph; Rao, Narasimha D.; Jakob, Michael, 2017

Access to infrastructure services: Global trends and drivers

Utilities Policy
Peer Review