Dr. Michael Jakob

Senior Researcher

Dr. Michael Jakob

Dr. Michael Jakob is a Senior Researcher at MCC. His research focuses on climate policy in developing countries. His main research interests include:

  • Distributional and Equity Implications of Climate Change Mitigation
  • Political Economy of Energy and Climate Policy
  • The Relation of Climate Policy to Capitalism, Economic Growth, and Globalization
  • Governance and Policy Design
  • Trends, Drivers and Future Projections of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Michael Jakob holds a PhD in economics from the Technical University of Berlin and has obtained degrees in physics, economics, and international relations from universities in Munich, St. Gallen, and Geneva.



Ongoing work

Aggarwal, R., Ayhan, S., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C.: Carbon pricing and household welfare – the case of Uganda

Gallé, J., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C.: Distributional implications of energy innovation

Jakob, M.: Carbon pricing or industrial policy? A false dichotomy

Jakob, M., Mehling, M.: Comparing policy options to address export-related carbon leakage

Mehling, M., Jakob, M.: Subsidy-Related Aspects of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

Sultani, D., Pahle, M., Jakob, M.: Optimal de-risking strategies for breakthrough technologies. Risk allocation in the transformation of the basic materials industry


Peer-reviewed journal articles by topic


Distributional and Equity Implications of Climate Change Mitigation:

Ordonez, J.A., Jakob, M., Steckel (2023): India's just energy transition: Political economy challenges across states and regions. Energy Policy 179, 113621

Dorband, I., Jakob, M., Steckel, J. (2022): Double progressivity of infrastructure development through carbon pricing - Insights from Nigeria. World Development Sustanability (1): 100011

Steckel, J.C., Ward, H., Dorband, I.I., Jakob, M., Montrone, L., Renner, S., Hafner, F. (2021): Distributional impacts of carbon pricing on households in Asian economies. Nature Sustainability.

Ohlendorf, N. Jakob, M., Minx, J.C., Schröder, C., Steckel, J.C. (2020): Distributional Impacts of Climate Mitigation Policies - a Meta-Analysis. Environmental and Resource Economics (open access)

Lamb, W.F., Antal, M. Bohnenberger, K. Brand-Correa, L.I., Müller-Hansen, F., Jakob, M., Minx, J.C., Raiser, K., Williams, L., Sovacool, B.K. (2020): What are the social outcomes of climate policies? A systematic map and review of the ex-post literature. Environmental Research Letters

Schaffitzel, F., Jakob, M., Soria, R.,  Vogt-Schilb, A., Ward, H. (2020): Can government transfers make energy subsidy reform socially acceptable? A case study on Ecuador”. Energy Policy 137: 111120

Dorband, I., Jakob, M. Kalkuhl, M., Steckel, J.C. (2019): Poverty and distributional effects of carbon pricing in low- and middle-income countries – a global comparative analysis. World Development 115: 246-257.

Kalkuhl, M., Fernandez Milan, B., Schwerhoff, G., Jakob, M., Hahnen, M., Creutzig, F. (2018): Can land taxes foster sustainable development? An assessment of fiscal, distributional and implementation issues. Land Use Policy 78: 338-352

Franks, M., Lessmann, K. Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2018): Carbon Pricing Could Mobilize Domestic Resources for the Agenda 2030. Nature Sustainability 1: 350-357.

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2016): Implications of climate change mitigation for sustainable development. Environmental Research Letters 11(10) [Open Access]

Fuss, S., Chen, C., Jakob, M., Marxen, A., Rao, N., Edenhofer, E. (2016): Could resource rents finance universal access to infrastructure? A first exploration of needs and rents. Environment and Development Economics

Jakob, M., Chen, C., Fuss, S., Marxen, A., Rao, N., Edenhofer, E. (2016): Using carbon pricing revenues to finance infrastructure access. World Development 84: 254-65. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., Chen, C., Marxen, A., Fuss, S. (2015): Development incentives for fossil fuel subsidy reform. Nature Climate Change 5: 709-712. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., J. Steckel, C. Flachsland, L. Baumstark (2015): Climate Finance: Curse or Blessing? Climate and Development 7(1):1-15. [Manuscript Version here]. This study's data are the basis for the MCC Subsidy Map.

Jakob, M., Steckel, J., Klasen, S., Lay, J., Grunewald, N., Martínez-Zarzoso, I., Renner, S., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Feasible Mitigation Actions in Developing Countries. Nature Climate Change. 4: 961-968. Manuscript Version. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., J. Steckel (2014): How climate change mitigation could harm development in poor countries. WIREs Climate Change 5(2): 161-168. [Manuscript Version here]


Political Economy of Energy and Climate Policy:

Steckel Jan C. Jakob, M. et al. [34 authors involved in the Routledge book] (2022): To end coal, adapt to regional realities. Nature 607: 29-31

Ohlendorf, N., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.: (2022) The political economy of coal phase-out: Exploring the actors, objectives, and contextual factors shaping policies in eight major coal countries. Energy Research and Social Science 90: 102590

Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2021): The political economy of coal: Lessons learnt from 15 country case studies. World Development Perspectives 24: 100368

Manych, N., Jakob, M. (2021): Why coal? – The political economy of the electricity sector in the Philippines. Energy for Sustainable Development 62: 113-125

Ordonez, J.A., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C., Fünfgeld, A. (2021): Coal, power and coal-powered politics in Indonesia. The political economy of energy policy in Indonesia´s State-Owned-Enterprises driven infrastructural development. Environmental Science and Policy 123: 44-57

Jakob, M., Flachsland, C., Steckel, J.C., Urpelainen, J. (2020): Actors, objectives, context: A political economy framework of energy and climate policy applied to India, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Energy Research & Social Science 70: 101775 [manuscript version here]

Dorband, I., Jakob, M., Steckel, J. (2020): Unraveling the political economy of coal: insights from Vietnam. Energy Policy 147: 111860

Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C., Jotzo, F., Sovacool, B.K., Cornelsen, L., Chandra, R., Edenhofer, O., Holden, C., Löschel, A.,  Nace, T., Robins, N., Suedekum, J.,  Urpelainen, J. (2020): The future of coal in a carbon-constrained climate. Nature Climate Change 10: 704-707 [manuscript version here]

Levi, S., Flachsland, C., Jakob, M. (2020): Political Economy Determinants of Carbon Pricing. Global Environmental Politics 20(2): 128-156

Schenuit, F., Koch, L., Jakob, M. (2019): Markets for public attention at the interface of climate science and policy making. Environmental Communication 14(1):1-5.

Kriegler, E., Bertram, C., Kuramochi, C., Jakob, M., Pehl, M., Stevanović, M., Fekete, H., Hilaire, J., Höhne, N., Luderer, G., Luna, L., Minx, J., Popp, A., Steckel, J.C., Sterl, S., Yalew, A.W., Dietrich, J.-P., Edenhofer, O. (2018): Short term policies to keep the door open for Paris climate goals. Environmental Research Letters 13 074022.

Jakob, M. (2018): Can carbon pricing jointly promote climate change mitigation and human development in Peru? Energy for Sustainable development 44: 87-96 [manuscript version here].

Jakob, M., Kübler, D., Steckel, J.C., van Veldhuizen, R. (2017): Clean up your own mess: An experimental study of moral responsibility and efficiency. Journal of Public Economics 155: 138-146 [manuscript version here]

Jakob, M. (2017): Ecuador's climate targets: A credible entry point to a low-carbon economy? Energy for Sustainable Development 39:91-100 [manuscript version here]

Nemet, G.J., Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C., Edenhofer, E. (2017): Addressing policy credibility problems for low-carbon investment. Global Environmental Change 42: 47-57

Zimmer, A., M. Jakob, J. Steckel  (2015): What motivates Vietnam to strive for a low-carbon economy? - An explorative case study on the drivers of climate policy in a developing country. Energy for Sustainable Development, 24, pp. 19-32. Was awarded the Reddy Prize - Best Paper of 2014.


Relation of Climate Policy to Capitalism, Economic Growth, and Globalization

Beaufils, T., Ward, H., Jakob, M., Wenz, L. (2023): Assessing different European Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism implementations and their impact on trade partners. Nature Communications Earth & Environment 4 (131)

Jakob, M. (2023): The political economy of carbon border adjustment in the EU. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 39(1): 134-146

Kuehner, A.K., Jakob, M., Flachsland, C. (2022): German stakeholder perceptions of an EU carbon border adjustment mechanism. Environmental Research Letters 17 124007

Jakob M. et al. [32 authors involved in the Edward Elgar Handbook] (2022): How trade policy can support the climate agenda. Science 376(6600): 1401-14

Jakob, M. (2022): Globalization and Climate Change: State of Knowledge, Emerging Issues and Policy Implications. WIREs Climate Change.e771

Lenzi, D, Jakob, M. Honegger, M., Droege, S. Heyward, J.C., Kruger, T. (2021): Equity implications of net zero visions. Climatic Change 169:20

Jakob, M. (2021): Climate policy and international trade – A critical appraisal of the literature. Energy Policy 156: 112399

Jakob, M. (2021): Why carbon leakage matters and what can be done against it. One Earth 4(5): 609-614

Manych, N., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2021):  Finance-based accounting of coal emissions. Environmental Reserch Letters 16(4) [open access]

Jakob, M. Ward, H., Steckel, J.C. (2021): Sharing responsibility for trade-related emissions based on economic benefits. Global Environmental Change 66: 102207 [manuscript version here]

Jakob, M., Flachsland, C., Lamb W., Steckel, J., Edenhofer, O. (2020): Understanding different perspectives on economic growth and climate policy. WIREs Climate Change [open access]

Ward, H., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2019): How Global Climate Policy Could Affect Competitiveness. Energy Economics 84(S1): 104549

Kalkuhl, M., Steckel, J.C., Montrone, L., Peters, J., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2019): Successful coal phase-out requires new models of progress. Nature Energy 4:897-900.

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Green Growth, Degrowth, and the Commons. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 30 (3): : 447-468. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., J. Steckel, O. Edenhofer (2014): Consumption- vs. Production-Based Emission Policies: Annual Review of Resource and Environmental Economics 6. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., R. Marschinski, M. Hübler (2013): Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A Trade-Theory Analysis of Leakage under Production- and Consumption-Based Policies. Environmental and Resource Economics 56 (1): 47-72. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., R. Marschinski (2013): Interpreting trade-related CO2 emission transfers. Nature Climate Change 3(1): 19-23. [Manuscript Version here]

Marschinski, R., C. Flachsland, M. Jakob (2012): Sectoral Linking of Carbon Markets: A Trade-Theory Analysis. Resource and Energy Economics 34 (4): 585-606. [Manuscript Version here]


Governance and Policy Design

Haywood, L. and Jakob, M. (2023): The role of the ETS2 in the policy mix to decarbonize road transport in the EU. Transport Policy.

Steckel, J.C.,  Jakob, M. (2018): The Role of Financing Cost and De-risking Strategies for Clean Energy Investment. International Economics 155: 19-28.

Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Flachsland, C., Kornek, U., Lessmann, K., Edenhofer, E. (2017): From climate finance towards sustainable development finance. WIREs Climate Change

Jakob, M., Hilaire, J. (2015): Using Importers’ Windfall Savings from Oil Subsidy Reform to Enhance International Cooperation on Climate Policies. Climatic Change 131(4): 465-472. [Manuscript Version here]

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob, F. Creutzig, C. Flachsland, S. Fuss, M. Kowarsch, K. Lessmann, L. Mattauch, J. Siegmeier, JC Steckel (2015): Closing the Emissions Price Gap. Global Environmental Change 31: 132-143. [Manuscript Version here]. Reprinted in Kaul, I. (ed.) (2016): Global Public Goods. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Jakob, M., Lessmann, K., Wildgrube, T. (2014): The Role of Emissions Trading and Permit Allocation in International Climate Agreements with Asymmetric Countries. Strategic Behaviour and Environment, 4(4): 361-392. [Manuscript Version here]

Creutzig, F., Goldschmidt, J.C., Lehmann, P., Schmid, E., von Blücher, F., Breyer, C., Fernandez, B., Jakob, M., Knopf, B., Lohrey, S., Susca, T., Wiegandt, K. (2014): Catching  two European birds with one renewable stone: Mitigating climate change and Eurozone crisis by an energy transition. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 38: 1015-1028.

Jakob, M., S. Brunner (2014): Optimal Commitment under Uncertainty: Adjustment Rules for Climate Policy. Strategic Behavior and Environment. 4 (3): 291-310. [Manuscript Version here]

Staub-Kaminski, I., A. Zimmer, M. Jakob, R. Marschinski (2014): Climate Policy in Practice: A Typology of Obstacles and Implications for Integrated Assessment Modeling. Climate Change Economics 5(1). [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., K. Lessmann (2012): Signaling in International Environmental Agreements: The Case of Early and Delayed Action. International Environmental Agreements: Policy, Law, and Economics 12(4): 309-325. [Manuscript Version here]


Trends, Drivers and Future Projections of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Wenz, L. Weddige, U., Jakob, M. Steckel, J.C. (2020): Road to glory or highway to hell? Global road access and climate change mitigation. Environmental Research Letters 15

Steckel, J.C., Hilaire, J., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2020): Coal and Carbonization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nature Climate Change 10:83-88.

Edenhofer, O., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M., Bertram, C. (2018): Reports of coal’s terminal decline may be exaggerated. Environmental Research Letters 13(2)

Steckel, J., Rao, N.D., Jakob, M. (2017): Infrastructure access: trends and drivers. Utilities Policy 45: 109-117

Steckel, J., Edenhofer, O., Jakob, M. (2015): Drivers for the renaissance of coal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 112(29)

Grunewald, N., M. Jakob, I. Mouratiadou (2014): Decomposing Inequality in CO2 Emissions: the Role of Primary Energy Carriers and Economic Sectors. Ecological Economics 100: 183-194. [Manuscript Version here]

Steckel, J., R.J. Brecha, J. Strefler, M. Jakob, G. Luderer (2013): Development without energy? On the challenge of sustainable development in the context of climate change mitigation. Ecological Economics 90: 53–67. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., M. Haller, R. Marschinski (2012): Will History Repeat Itself? Economic Convergence and Convergence in Energy Use Patterns. Energy Economics 34: 95-104. [Manuscript Version here]

Jakob, M., G. Luderer, J. Steckel, M. Tavoni, S. Monjon (2012): Time to act now? Assessing the costs of delaying climate measures and benefits of early action. Climatic Change 114 (1): 79-99. [Manuscript Version here]

Luderer, G., V. Bosetti, M. Jakob, M. Leimbach, J. Steckel, H. Waisman, O. Edenhofer (2012): The economics of decarbonizing the energy system—results and insights from the RECIPE model intercomparison. Climatic Change 114 (1): 9-37. [Manuscript Version here]

Steckel, J., M. Jakob, G. Luderer, R. Marschinski (2011): From Carbonization to Decarbonization? - Past Trends and Future Scenarios for China's CO2 Emissions. Energy Policy 39 (6): 3443-3455. [Manuscript Version here]



Jakob, M. (2023). Wege zu einer sozial gerechten Verkehrswende. Hanser

Jakob, M. (ed.) (2022): Handbook on Trade Policy and Climate Change. Edward Elgar Publishing

Jakob, M., Steckel, J.C. (eds.) (2022): The Political Economy of Coal. Obstacles to Clean Energy Transitions. Routledge Environment for Development Series. Available Open Access

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2019): Klimapolitik. Ziele, Konflikte, Lösungen. C.H. Beck Reihe Wissen (2. Auflage).


Book chapters

Jakob, M., Semeniuk, G. (2023): Stranded Assets and Implications for Financial Markets. The Encyclopedia of Monetary Policy, Financial Markets and Banking.

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O., Kornek, U., Lenzi, D., Minx, J. (2019): Governing the Commons to Promote Global Justice - Climate Change Mitigation and Rent Taxation. In: Kanbur, R. and Shue, H. (eds.): Climate Justice. Integrating Economics and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, J. Hilaire, M. Jakob (2016): Den Klimawandel stoppen. In: Patenge, M., Beck, R., Luber, M. (Hg.): Schöpfung bewahren. Theologie und Kirche als Impulsgeber für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg. Freely available online here.

Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): Multiple Objectives for Governance of the global commons. In: Rogall, H., Binswanger, H.-C., Ekardt, F., Grothe, A., Hasenclever, W.-D., Hauchler, I., Jänicke, M., Kollmann, K., Michaelis, N.V., Nutzinger, H.G., Scherhorn, G.: Jahrbuch Nachhaltige Ökonomie 2014/15, Metropolis-Verlag.

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, K. Lessmann (2014): The Atmosphere as a Global Commons – Challenges for International Cooperation and Governance. Forthcoming in: Semmler, W., L. Bernard: The Handbook on the Macroeconomics of Climate Change. Oxford University Press. Also published as Harvard Project on Climate Agreements Discussion Paper 13-58.

Hansen, G., M. Jakob, S. Kadner (2012): Sustainable Development as a Cornerstone of a Future Energy System. In: Edenhofer, O., J. Wallacher, H. Lotze-Campen, M. Reder, B. Knopf, J. Müller (Eds.): Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Springer.



Lead author for Ch. 4 of the International Panel on Social Progress (IPSP)

Contributing author to chapter 9: Renewable Energy in the Context of Sustainable Development, Renewable Energy in the Context of Sustainable Development (SRREN) of the IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation.

Contributing author to chapter 4 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC

Contributing author to chapter 5 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC

Contributing author to chapter 13 of the fifth assessment report of the IPCC

Expert reviewer for the sixth assessment report of the IPCC


Policy papers

Flachsland, C., Steckel, J., Jakob, M., Fahl, U., Feist, M. Görlach, B. Kühner, A.K.,Tänzler, D., Zeller, M. (2023): Eckpunkte zur Entwicklung einer Klimaaußenpolitikstrategie Deutschlands. Kopernikus-Projekt Ariadne, Potsdam.

Jakob, M. (2023): Sozial, gerecht, mobil – Impulse zu einer nachhaltigen Mobilität. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (German only)

Jakob, M. and Martini, L. (2023): How can the G7 and G20 improve Just Energy Transition Partnerships? Taking stock of the Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs). Policy Brief

Cox, A. and Jakob, M. (2023): Resilient supply chains for the energy transition. Issues for the G20. Policy Brief

Jakob, M. and Mehling, M. (2023): Comparing policy options to address export-related carbon leakage. The role and potential of innovation support. Study commissioned by Germanwatch.

Jakob, M., Coetzee, K., Görlach, B., Vasij, L., Waterton, O.(2023): How the Net-Zero Transformation Affects Fossil Fuel Exporters - Security Implications and Policy Options for the EU. Discussion Paper of the 4i-TRACTION Deliverable D3.7. Climate Analytics, Ecologic Institute. Berlin.

Görlach, B., Jakob, M., de la Vega, R. (2023): Advancing a green hydrogen agenda in the G20. Challenges and opportunities of the G20 as a green hydrogen forum. Policy Brief.

Jakob, M., Kögel, N.S. (2023): Towards Socially and Ecologically Sustainable Energy Markets. Options to reform energy subsidies in the G20. Policy Brief.

Jakob, M., Martini, L., Meyer-Ohlendorf, N., Evans, N. (2022): Climate Diplomacy in Turbulent Times. Taking stock of major climate developments in 2022. Policy Brief.

Ancygier, S., Ramalope, D., Waldmann, C., Wilson, R.,Waterton, O., Petroni, M., Vasilj, L., Quill, E., Rabiee, S., Singh, M., Schmidt, S., Coleman, W., Martini, L., Jakob, M., Görlach, B., Gardiner, J., Park, A., Hayakawa, A. (2022): What can the EU learn from non-EU countries on its path to climate neutrality? 4i-TRACTION Deliverable D 3.4. Climate Analytics & Ecologic Institute; Berlin

Görlach, B., Jakob, M., Umpfenbach, K., Kosch, M., Pahle, M., Konc, T. aus dem Moore, N., Brehm, J., Feindt, S., Pause, F., Nysten, J., Abrell, J. (2022): A Fair and Solidarity-based EU Emissions Trading System für Buildings and Road Transport. Ariadne Report

Gardiner, Jonathan and Jakob, Michael (2022): G7 Climate Crossroads: State of Play. Commissioned by the WWF

Kühner, A.K., Jakob, M., Flachsland, C. (2022): Wie stehen die wichtigsten Stakeholder zu einem CO2-Grenzausgleich?. Ariadne Hintergrund

Heinemann, C.,  Mendelevitch, R. , Herold, A., Jakob, M., Kampffmeyer, N., Kasten, P., Krieger, S., Schleicher, T., Seebach, D. (2021): Sustainability dimensions of imported hydrogen. Öko-Institute Working Paper

Jakob, M. and Klöckner, P. (2021): Klimaschutzinstrumente im Verkehr. Tempolimit auf Autobahnen. UBA Kurzpapier.

Graichen, J., Graichen, V., Jakob, M., Wissner, N. (2021). Including transport sectors in the EU ETS. Background paper for the EU Parliament ENVI Committee

Blanck, R. and Jakob, M. (2021): Städte für Menschen, nicht für Autos. Autoreduzierte Quartiere erfolgreich umsetzen. Policy Brief

Mattauch, L., Creutzig, F., aus dem Moore, N., Franks, M., Funke, F., Jakob, M., Sager, L., Schwarz, M., Voß, A., Beck, M.-L., Daub, C.-L., Drupp, M., Ekardt, F., Hagedorn, G., Kirchner, M., Kruse, T., Loew, T., Neuhoff, K., Neuweg, I., Peterson, S., Roesti, M., Schneider, G., Schmidt, R., Schwarze, R., Siegmeier, J., Thalmann, P., Wallacher, J. (2019). Antworten auf zentrale Fragen zur Einführung von CO2-Preisen. Gestaltungsoptionen und ihre Auswirkungen für den schnellen Übergang in die klimafreundliche Gesellschaft. Diskussionsbeiträge der Scientists for Future (German only)

Jakob, M., Soria, R., Trinidad, C., Edenhofer, O., Bak, C., Bouile, D., Buira, D., Carlino, H., Gutman, V., Hübner, C., Knopf, B., Lucena, A., Santos, L., Scott, A., Steckel, J.C., Tanaka, K., Vogt-Schilb, A., Yamada, K. (2018): Green Fiscal Reform for a Just Energy Transition in Latin America. Policy Brief for the Argentine G20 Presidency.

Knopf, B., K. Burghaus, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, N. Koch, O. Edenhofer (2018): Shifting Paradigms in Carbon Pricing. Intereconomics 53(3): 135-140

Schwerhoff, G., Dao Nguyen, T., Edenhofer, O., Grimalda, G., Jakob, M., Klenert, D., Siegmeier, J. (2017): Policy options for a socially balanced climate policy. Policy Brief for the German G20 Presidency.

Kalkuhl, M., Fernandez, B., Schwerhoff, G., Jakob, M., Hahnen, M., Creutzig, M., Bouma, J., van der Esch, J. (2017): Land Taxes as Fiscal Instruments to Promote Sustainable Development. Background Paper for PBL Holland (Policy Brief Version available online here).

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J,.C. (2016). The Just Energy Transition. Background Paper for the WWF.

Knopf, B., Koch, N., Grosjean, G. Fuss, S., Flachsland, C., Pahle, M., Jakob, M., Edenhofer, O. (2014): The European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS): ex-post analysis, the market stability reserve and options for a comprehensive reform, FEEM Nota di Lavoro, 79.2014. Also published as Euro CASE Policy Position Paper.

Edenhofer, O., C. Carraro, J.-C. Hourcade, K. Neuhoff, G. Luderer, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob, A. Popp, J. Steckel, J. Strohschein, N. Bauer, S. Brunner, M. Leimbach, H. Lotze-Campen, V. Bosetti, E. de Cian, M. Tavoni, O. Sassi, H. Waisman, R. Crassous-Doerfler, S. Monjon, S. Dröge, H. van Essen, P. del Río, A. Türk (2009): RECIPE - The Economics of Decarbonization. Synthesis Report.

Edenhofer, O., N. Stern, N. Bauer, S. Brunner, C. Flachsland, M. Jakob (2009): Towards a global Green Recovery. Recommendations for Immediate G20 Action. Report submitted to the G20 London Summit - April 2, 2009. Prepared on behalf of the German Foreign Office.

Flachsland, C., O. Edenhofer, M. Jakob, J. Steckel (2008): Developing the International Carbon Market. Linking Options for the EU ETS. Report to the Policy Planning Staff in the Federal Foreign Office.


Opinion pieces, newspaper articles, etc.

Jakob, M. (2023): JETPs brauchen mehr soziale Gerechtigkeit. Climate.Table 03.08.2023

Fritz, V., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2023): How to get out of coal – some political economy considerations. World Bank Governance and Development Blog

Goerlach, B. and Jakob, M. (2022): Europe should shape the green hydrogen market now. Euractiv. 04.11.2022 (also published in Knowable Magazine)

Jakob, M. (2022): Smart growth can help achieve a good life for all without killing the planet. Economist Impact. The Sustainability Project. 13.09.2022

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2022): What we learned about coal phaseout by studying 15 countries. Carbon Brief, 01.08.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): Protecting the climate without causing energy poverty. UNESCO Inclusive Policy Lab, 20.07.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): Neue Abhängigkeiten in einer klimaneutralen Weltwirtschaft: Was Deutschland dagegen tun kann. Inclusive Productivity, 25.05.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): What is the EU’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism and what does it mean for Israel? Israel Public Policy Institute, 24.05.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): Carbon Pricing and Just Transition. Heinrich-Böll-Foundation Tel Aviv, 21.03.2022

Brandi, C. and Jakob, M. (2022): Klimaclubs: Wie Kooperation im Klimaschutz (nicht) gelingt. Makronom, 31.01.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): Geht nicht, gibt's nicht. IPG, 06.01.2022

Jakob, M. (2022): Wege aus dem Trilemma. Tagesspiegel Background, 05.01.2022

Manych, N., Han Springer, C., Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2021): China holds the financial key to huge carbon emission avoidance. East Asia Forum 29.10.2021

Manych, N., Steckel, J., Jakob, M. (2021): How finance from rich nations could drive 40% of new coal plant emissions. Carbon Brief 13.04.2021

Jakob, M., Ward, H. and Steckel, J.C. (2021): How to ‘fairly’ share emissions from goods traded around the world. Carbon Brief 04.01.2021

Fuss, S. and Jakob, M. (2020): Die verschiedenen Transformationspfade zum 1,5-Grad-Ziel. Makronom, 26.10.2020

Jakob, M. and Kowarsch, M. (2020): Corona: Die letzte Krise des Kapitalismus? (German only) Makronom (also posted on the Common Economics Blog), 13.08.2020.

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2020): Sozial gerechte Wege aus der COVID-19-Krise. (German only) Makronom, (also posted on the Common Economics Blog) 25.06.2020

Steckel, J.C. and Jakob, M. (2020): Dem Wachstumsversprechen durch Kohle widerstehen: Wie Schwellenländer klimafreundlich wachsen können. (German only) Stiftung Energie & Klimaschutz, 04.05.2020

Jakob, M. and Koch, N. (2019): Klimapolitik und eine starke deutsche Wirtschaft – das geht zusammen! Tagesspiegel Background,  (German only) (also posted on the Common Economics Blog), 23.08.2019

Jakob M.: Green fiscal reform was not invited to G20 tango show. CEP Discussion Note (also posted on the Common Economics Blog), 02.08.2018 

Jakob, M. and Steckel, J.C. (2018): Coal: On the political economy in Indonesia and Vietnam. Common Economics Blog, 25.04.2018

Jakob, M. and O. Edenhofer (2017): Trinkwasser für alle statt schmutzige Energie. Zeit Online, 15.09.17 (German only)

Jakob, M. (2017): Una propuesta sobre el precio al carbono en Perú. SPDA Actualidad Ambiental 15.08.2017

Jakob M. und Steckel, J. (2017): Klimaschutz fehlt. Frankfurter Rundschau, 15.06.17 (German only)

Jakob M. (2016): Gute Aussichten fürs Klima ? Perus Klimapolitik nach der COP 22. Infoperu Newsletter 47

Jakob, M. and O. Edenhofer (2015): Welfare with or without Growth? GAIA 24(4): 240-242

Edenhofer, O., J.C. Steckel, M. Jakob (2015):Climate Finance in the Context of Sustainable Development. France Stratégie

Edenhofer, O., C. Flachsland, J. Hilaire, M. Jakob (2015): Ist unbegrenztes Wachstum in einer begrenzten Welt möglich? Le Monde Diplomatique Atlas der Globalisierung (German only, also available online on taz.de)

Jakob, M., Hilaire, J. (2015): Unburnable Fossil Fuel Reserves. Nature 517: 150–152. 

Edenhofer, O., Steckel, J.C., Jakob, M. (2014): Does Environmental Sustainability Contradict Prosperity? Global Policy 5(S1): 15-20

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob, J. Steckel (2013): Wohlstand und ökologische Nachhaltigkeit – ein Widerspruch? ifo Schnelldienst 15: 22-25.

Jakob, M.: Carbon export taxes could prevent "trade wars" between China, EU and US. China Dialogue online. Chinese Version.

Jakob, M. (2012): The fair cost of renewable energy. Nature Climate Change 2: 488–489.

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2012): Why the promise of "green growth" would be illusory without a climate protection agreement to go with it. KfW Meinungsforum Entwicklungspolitik 6, June 6, 2012. German Version.

Edenhofer, O., M. Jakob (2012): Die Illusion des grünen Wachstums. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, March 2, 2012.

Marschinski, R., M. Jakob (2011): Reconsidering Copenhagen. Nature Climate Change 1 (6): 297–298.


Other publications

Jakob, M. (2011): Reframing International Climate Policy: Essays on Development Issues and Fragmented Regimes. Doctoral dissertation.

Jakob, M., V. Bosetti, H. Waisman, E. De Cian, J. Steckel, M. Leimbach, L. Baumstark (2009): The RECIPE reference scenarios. RECIPE Backgound Paper.

Jakob, M., H. Waisman, V. Bosetti, E. De Cian, M. Leimbach, L. Baumstark, G. Luderer (2009): Description of the RECIPE models. RECIPE Backgound Paper.



Nature, Nature Climate Change, Nature Sustainability, Nature Geoscience, Science Advances, PNAS, Environmental Research Letters, Global Environmental Change, Environmental and Resource Economics, Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Environmental Agreements, Environment and Development Economics, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, WIREs Climate Change, Climate and Development, Climate Policy, Energy Policy, Energy for Sustainable Develpment, Environmental Science and Policy, Environmental Science & Technology, Energy Research & Social Science, Applied Energy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Journal of Cleaner Production, Strategic Behavior and Environment, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, The Energy Journal, Energy Strategy Reviews, Transport Policy, Games, World Development, Review of Development Economics, International Tax and Public Finance, International Review of Economics and Finance, Journal of Economic Surveys, Applied Economics, B.E. Journal of Economics, Economic Systems Research, GAIA, Frontiers in Energy Research, American Review of Political Science, WTO World Trade Report, MIT Press, Palgrave McMillan



Fall semester 2023: Policy options for sustainable mobility (with Aneeque Javaid). Hertie School, Berlin

Fall semester 2022: Data perspectives on global greenhouse gas emissions, unequal contributions to climate change, and transitions to net zero emissions (with William Lamb). Hertie School, Berlin

Spring semester 2022: Policy options for a transition to clean mobility. Hertie School, Berlin

Winter Semester 2019/2020: Kooperation, Konflikte und Globale Umweltprobleme within the programms 'Vielfalt der Wissensformen' at the bologna.lab of HU Berlin

Winter Semester 2019/2020: Guest lecturer for Advanced Climate Policy und Emissions Pricing at the Hertie School of Governance, Berlin

Winter Semester 2014/15: Climate and Development with Jan Steckel and Gregor Schwerhoff.

Summer Semester 2013:"Climate Change Economics: Green Growth and New Models of Prosperity - Fairy Tale or Strategy?" at the Technical University of Berlin.

Winter Semester 2010/2011: Seminar on "Low-Carbon Development", co-taught by Jan Steckel at the Technical University of Berlin.


Country experience

Uruguay (desk research), Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines, South Africa, Peru, Ecuador


Latest Publications

Ordonez, J.A., Jakob, M., Steckel, J., Ward, H., 2023

India's just energy transition: Political economy challenges across states and regions

Energy Policy
Peer Review
Jakob, M., 2023

Wege zu einer sozial gerechten Verkehrswende

Hanser Fachbuch
Kühner, A.-K., Jakob, M., Flachsland, C., 2022

German stakeholder perceptions of an EU carbon border adjustment mechanism

Environmental Research Letters
Peer Review
Steckel, J. C., & Jakob, M. , 2022

To end coal, adapt to regional realities

Peer Review