Economic Growth and Human Development

The working group focuses on the interplay of global commons for sustainable development and human well-being, particularly with respect to economic growth, migration and population growth.

WG1 on Retreat 2021 (missing: Christina Roolfs, Alkis Blanz, Michael Kostmann, Karolina Rütten)

Team members

Head: Prof. Dr. Matthias Kalkuhl

Maximilian Amberg
Tobias Bergmann
Alkis Blanz
Simon Feindt
Michael Sureth (geb. Kostmann)
Maximilian Kellner
Dr. Christina Roolfs
Friedemann Gruner
Nikolaj Moretti
Felix Knopp


Research topics

The research focuses on the role of climate change, land and environmental policies for economic growth and development. The group empirically assesses the impact of climate change on GDP and migration and advances economic theory by studying new channels of climate change influencing economic growth, e.g. via innovation, demographic change and structural change. The group aims to contribute to a better understanding about how global commons – and their proper management – affect economic and human development and vice versa. A second research strand focuses land taxes and their role to for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the UN. Economic aspects of land taxes analyzed refer to growth effects, structural change, distributional aspects and land-use impacts to save primary forests.


Research projects

A finalized research project, funded by PBL Netherlands, has looked at the role of land taxes in developing countries. The study carried out a comprehensive analysis of the economic, ecological and social aspects of land taxes and quantified the amount and distribution of land taxes for four developing countries. The results were presented to decision-makers in several countries.


Information on internships and writing Master theses


Current publications of the working group

Hänsel, M.C., Franks, M., Kalkuhl, M., Edenhofer, O., 2022

Optimal carbon taxation and horizontal equity: A welfare-theoretic approach with application to German household data

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
Peer Review
Kalkuhl, M., Amberg, M., Bergmann, T., Knopf, B., Edenhofer, O., 2022

Gaspreisdeckel, Mehrwertsteuersenkung, Energiepauschale – Wie kann die Bevölkerung zielgenau und schnell entlastet werden?

Singhal, P., Pahle, M., Kalkuhl, M., Levesque, A., Sommer, S., Berneiser, J., 2022

Beyond good faith: Why evidence-based policy is necessary to decarbonize buildings cost-effectively in Germany

Energy Policy
Peer Review